Stem cells have promised to help everybody understand and treat a variety of illnesses, injuries, and some health-related conditions. Their potential is basically evident in the use of the blood stem cells to treat blood diseases, which is a therapy that saved the lives of many kids who are suffering from leukemia and may be seen in the use of the stem cells for the tissue grafts to cure injury or diseases to the skin, eye surface, and bone. Crucial clinical trials that involve stem cells are underway for numerous conditions and researchers continue exploring the new avenues with the use of stem cells in the field of medicine.
There’s still more to learn about the stem cells, yet their current applications as the treatments are exaggerated sometimes by the media and some parties who don’t understand the current limitations and science and by the clinics that want to capitalize on the hype through selling the treatments to seriously injured or chronically ill patients.
But, there are numerous things you should know about stem cells and these include the following:
- Only Few Treatments on Stem Cell Have Been Proven Effective and Safe
The list of illnesses for which treatments on stem cell have been shown to be helpful is very short. The most extensively used and best-defined stem cell treatment is actually hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It is to treat particular immune system and blood disorders in bone marrow transplantation to rebuild blood system after treatments for several types of cancer.
- Similar Stem Cell Treatment is Unlikely to Work for Various Conditions or Diseases
Since stem cells that are particular to specific tissues can’t make cells found in some tissues without proper manipulation in lab, it’s unlikely that a stem cell treatment would work for diseases that affect different organs and tissues within the body. Scientists have learned to make specialized types of cells through various processes with the use of the pluripotent stem cells, which is iPS or induced pluripotent stem cells or embryonic stem cells. Such cells have the potential to form all types of cells in the body and provide an exciting opportunity to make new treatment strategies. However, iPS cells and embryonic stem cells aren’t good candidates to be utilized directly as a treatment because they need careful instruction to be the particular cells required to regenerate damaged or diseased tissue. If not directed properly, such stem cells cause tumors and may overgrow once injected to patients.
- Various Kinds of Stem Cells Serve Multiple Purposes in the Body
Several kinds of stem cells come from various places in your body and have multiple functions. Scientists are discovering the different roles of tissue-specific stem cell could play in terms of healing with an understanding that such stem cells have limited and specific capabilities. Without lab manipulation, stem cells that are tissue-specific may only generate some cell types found in tissues where they’re living.
Stem cell researchers now make great advances in figuring out what might go wrong in illness, understanding normal development, and testing and developing potential treatments to help every patient. Effective and safe treatments for many diseases, injuries, and conditions are possible in the future.